TABULA
COMBINATORIA



























This Wintersession I chose to explore the history, theory and underpinning geometry of ornament and pattern. Inspired by work I had produced last semester for Graduate Studio 1—led by Bethany Johns and Paul Soulellis—I set out to research historical precedents and to push into new ways of making, breaking and representing ornament and pattern.

Named after German polymath Athanasius Kircher's 1664Tabula Combinatora  , this website serves as both catalogue and catalyst: archiving my research and graphic explorations while at the same time acting as an editable tool for future reference and making in my own practice.

I would like to thank our course instructor Ryan Waller for his guidance over the past five weeks and RISD Graduate Architecture Program Director Carl Lostritto for his added insight.












 My Proposal

Mark





People



Below is an evolving visual list of practitioners I have encountered in my research over the past five weeks. While by no means exhaustive, I have attempted to curate a group of pattern makers across time, place, ethnicity and gender—working in fields as seemingly-disparate as architecture, economics, music and quantum physics.

Each has—in their own way—contributed to the incredible history, theory, practice and critique of ornament and pattern making.



Aaron Marucs, American interface designer.

Aaron Marcus

American, 1943–present
Interface Designer



Adolf Loos

Austrian-Czech, 1870–1933
Architect, Theorist


Agnes Martin

Canadian-American, 1912–2004
Artist




Allan McCollum

American, 1944–present
Artist




Albrecht Dürer

German, 1471–1528
Artist

Alexander Girard

American, 1907–1993
Architect, Textile Designer











Alphonse Mucha

Czech, 1860–1939
Painter, Illustrator

Alice Turner

Australian, 1985–present
Artist

Alvin Lustig

American, 1915–1955
Graphic Designer

Angelo Testa

American, 1921–1984
Textile Designer













Anni Albers


German-American, 1899–1994
Textile Designer, Printmaker










Anna Maria Garthwaite

English, 1688–1763
Textile Designer













August Ferdinand Möbius

German, 1790–1868
Mathematician


Archimedes

Greek, 287–212 BC
Mathematician

 



Augustus Pugin

English, 1812–1852
Architect


















Benoit Mandelbrot

Polish-French-American, 1924–2010
Mathematician


Barbara Brown

English, 1932–present
Textile Designer


Birgit Antoni

German, 1956–
Painter










Branko Grünbaum

Yugoslav-Jewish, 1929–2018
Mathematician



Blinky Palermo

German, 1943–1977
Painter

Bridget Riley

English, 1931–
Artist










Buckminster Fuller

American, 1895–1983
Architect


Bruno Munari

Italian, 1907–1998
Artist, Designer

Carl Lostritto

American, 1983–
Architect, Computational Designer






Casey Reas

American, 1972–
Artist


Carsten Nicolai

German, 1965–
Artist, Musician 









Dan Funderburgh

American, 1978–
Designer


Charlotte Perkins Gilman

American, 1860–1935
Novelist






Dan Shechtman

Israeli-American, 1941–
Nobel Prize-winning Chemist


Daniel Buren

French, 1938–
Artist





Desmond Paul Henry

English, 1921–2004
Machine Artist


Eadweard Muybridge

English, 1830–1904
Photographer




Edward Norton Lorenz

American, 1917–2008
Mathematician

Erwin Hauer

American-Austrian, 1926–2017
Sculptor





Ethel Stein

American, 1917–2008
Textile Artist


Ettore Sottsass

Italian, 1917–2007
Architect, Designer






Fanette Mellier

French, 1977–
Graphic Designer


Evgraf Fedorov

Russian, 1853–1919
Mathematician, Crystallographer


Florence Broadhurst

Australian, 1899–1977
Textiles Designer

Franco Grignani

Italian, 1908–1999
Architect, Graphic Designer


Frank Lloyd Wright

American, 1867–1959
Architect






Frei Otto

German, 1925–2015
Architect, Structural Engineer



George Cacioppo

American, 1927–1984
Composer

Gio Ponti

Italian, 1891–1979
Architect, Designer








Hector Guimard

French, 1867–1942
Architect


Hans Vredeman de Vries

Dutch, 1527–1607
Architect


Hella Jongerius

Dutch, 1963–
Industrial Designer


Iris Van Herpen

Dutch, 1984–
Fashion Designer


James Nolan Gandy

American, 1979–
Mechanical Draftsman




Johann Sebastian Bach

German, 1685–1750
Composer, Musician



Johannes Kepler

German, 1571–1630
Astronomer, Mathematician

Jürg Lehni

Swiss, 1978–
Designer








Karel Martens

Dutch, 1939–
Graphic Designer

Karl Nawrot

French, 1979–
Graphic Designer





Lev Manovich

Russian, 1960–
Computer Scientist, Theorist








Lebbeus Woods

American, 1940–2012
Architect, Theorist




Lilian Schwartz

American, 1927–
Artist, Computer Graphics Pioneer



And many, many more to come!



Louis Sullivan
Lucienne Day
Maija Isola
Marcel Wanders
Margarete Riessen
Marthe Armitage
Matteo Thun
Max Brückner
MC Escher
Michael Lin
Nathalie du Pasquier
Norman Carberg
Owen Jones
Paul Rand
Persin Broersen & Margit Lukacs
Peter Kubelka
Peter Roehr
Philip Glass
Pier Luigi Nervi
Ray Kaiser Eames
Richard Kostelanetz
Richard Landis
Robert Smithson
Roger Penrose
Rosemary Newson
Saarinen
Seiko Miyami
Sheila Hicks
Sol Lewitt
Sophus Lie
Tai Tsuge
Tauba Auerbach
Tony Conrad
Tord Boontje
Victor Vasarely
Walter Russel
William Justema
William Justema
William Morris
Yayoi Kusama
Zach Lieberman

Mark


Process



Things didn’t entirely go as planned this Wintersession. My explorations splintered away from Carl's upcoming book, and after wasting at least a week trying to get my mind into Rhino I figured out ways to get some of the results I was looking for graphically without going the route of python, rhino or pen plotters. I started doing a lot of formal studies in sketchup, mapping, projecting and mutating patterns across forms.









































THANK YOU


Mark